Indeed, Nigeria has recorded only two types of armed robbers:

1.Lawrence Anini and

2. Others.

No armed robber in the history of this Country has ever held the entire
country to ransom as Anini.
In fact, his reign was so bloody that he was even discussed at the State
Security Council meeting.

Lawrence Nomanyagbon Anini was born in a village about 20 miles from
Benin City in present-day Edo State.
Anini was an only son of his Evbueisi born mother, he had two sisters. His father died when he was still a young boy.

Anini was brought to Benin where he was admitted at the Oza Primary
School but from a young age, he started manifesting the signs of truancy.
He struggled to finish his primary school then entered the Igiedumu
Secondary School. He did not spend more than three years when he
dropped out of school, preferring to be an apprentice at a local mechanic

That was around 1976.
Anini later migrated to Benin, learned to drive and became a skilled taxi
driver (Legend has it that he was the best driver created by the Almighty). He became known in Benin motor parks as a man who could control the
varied competing interests among motor park touts and operators.

He later dived into the criminal business in the city and soon became a driver and transporter for gangs, criminal godfathers and thieves.
Later on, he decided to create his own gang which included:
1. Monday Osunbor (The Deadliest Man That Ever Lived),
2. Friday Ofege,
3. Henry Ekponwan,
4. Eweka and
5. Alhaji zed zed or Zegezege who was never captured.

They started out as car hijackers, bus robbers and bank thieves.
Gradually, Anini and his gang extended their criminal acts all over Benin

Following the sudden overthrow of the politicians in the early 1980s and
banning of politics in 1984 by the Buhari regime, Anini discovered that
armed robbery was far more lucrative and that was when he formed his

In early 1986, two members of his gang were tried and prosecuted against an earlier under-the-table ‘agreement’ with the police to destroy evidence against the gang members.
The incident, and Anini’s view of police betrayal, is believed to have
spurred retaliatory actions by Anini.

In August, 1986, Anini and his gang masterminded a fatal bank robbery
in which a police officer and others were killed. That same month, two
officers on duty were shot at a barricade while trying to stop Anini’s car.
During a span of three months, he was known to have killed nine police

In an operation in August 1986, the Anini team struck at First Bank,
Sabongida-Ora, where they carted away N2,000(big money back then).
He killed many people that day.
On September 6, 1986, the Anini gang snatched a Peugeot 504 car from
Albert Otoe, the driver of an Assistant Inspector General of Police,
Christopher Omeben.

In snatching the car, they killed the driver and went to hide his corpse somewhere. It was not until three months later that the skeleton of the driver was spotted 16 kilometers away from Benin City, along the Benin-Agbor highway.

A day after this attack, Anini, operating in a Passat car believed to have been stolen, also effected the snatching of another Peugeot 504 car near the former FEDECO office, in Benin. Two days after, the Anini men killed two policemen in Orhiowon Local Government of the state.

Still in that month, three different robbery attacks, all pointing to Anini’s
involvement, took place. They include the murder of Frank Unoarumi, a former employee of the Nigerian Observer newspapers; the killing of Mrs. Remi Sobanjo, a chartered accountant, and the stealing of the Mercedes Benz car in Benin, of the Ughelli monarch, the Ovie.

Before September 1986 drew to a close, Anini struck at a gas station along Wire Road, Benin, where he stole a substantial part of the day’s sales. He shot the station’s attendant and gleefully started spraying his booty along the road for people to pick.

The height of Anini’s exploits, however, took place on October 1, 1986, the Independence Day when the state’s Commissioner of Police, Casmir
Igbokwe was ambushed by the gang in Benin, and nearly yanked off his nose in a hail of bullets. The police boss survived the attacks with serious injuries. Earlier that day also, the Anini men had gunned down apolice man within the city “The Law”, as he was nicknamed, during an operation that went bad had to escape from the police by driving in reverse from Agbor (Delta State) to Benin City (Edo State). Indeed, he was a real life “James Bond-007”.

Also, on October 21 of same year, the Anini robbery gang terminated the
life of a Benin-based medical doctor, A.O Emojeve when they gunned him down along Textile Mill Road, in Benin. Not done, Anini and gang went and robbed the Agbor branch of African Continental Bank and carted away about N46, 000.

A day after the operation, Anini, The Law, turned to a ‘Father Christmas’ as he strew wads of naira notes on the ground for free pick by market men and women at a village near Benin. Anini’s image thus loomed larger than life, he spearheaded a four-month reign of terror between August and December 1986.

Anini also reportedly wrote numerous letters to media houses using political tones of Robin Hood-like words, to describe his criminal acts. Worried by the seeming elusiveness of Anini and his gang members, the military President, General Ibrahim Babangida then ordered a massive manhunt for the kingpin and his fellow robbers.

The police thus went after them, combing every part of Bendel State(Now Delta and Edo States) where they were reportedly operating and living. The whole nation was gripped with fear of the robbers and their daredevil exploits.
However, Police manhunt failed to stop their activities; the more they were hunted, the more intensified their activities became.

Some of the locals in the area even began to tell stories of their invincibility and for a while, it felt like they were never going to be caught. However, at the conclusion of a meeting of the Armed Forces Ruling
Council in October 1986, General Babangida turned to the Inspector-General of Police, Etim Inyang, and asked, ‘My friend, where is Anini?’.

At about this time, Nigerian newspapers and journals were also publishing various reports and editorials on the ‘Anini Challenge’, the
‘Anini Saga’, the ‘Anini Factor’, ‘Lawrence Anini – the Man, the Myth’,
‘Anini, Jack the Ripper’, and ‘Lawrence Anini: A Robin Hood in Bendel’.
The Guardian asked, emphatically, in one of its reports: ‘Will they ever
find Anini, “The Law”?’.

Finally, it took the courage of Superintendent of Police, Kayode Uanreroro to bring the Anini reign of terror to an end.

On December 3, 1986, Uanreroro caught Anini at No 26, Oyemwosa Street, opposite Iguodala Primary School, Benin City, in company with six women. Acting on a tip-off from the locals, the policeman went straight to the house where Anini was hiding and apprehended him with very little resistance.

Uanreroro led a crack 10-man team to the house, knocked on the door
of the room, and Anini himself, clad in underpants, opened the door. “Where is Anini,” the police officer quickly enquired. Dazed as he was caught off guard and having no escape route, Anini all the same tried to be smart. “Oh, Anini is under the bed in the inner room”.

As he said it, he made some moves to walk past Uanreroro and his team. In the process, he shoved and head-butted the police officer but it was an exercise in futility. Uanreroro promptly reached for his gun, stepped hard on Anini’s right
toes and shot at his left ankle. Anini surged forward but the policemen
took hold of him and put him in a sitting position.

They then pumped more bullets into his shot leg and almost severed the ankle from his entire leg. Already, anguished by the excruciating pains, the policemen asked him, “Are you Anini?” And he replied, “My brother, I won’t deceive you; I won’t tell you lie, I’m Anini.”


Anini was from there taken to the police command headquarters where the state’s Police Commissioner, Parry Osayande, was waiting. While in the police net, Anini who had poor command of English and could only communicate in pidgin, made a whole lot of revelations.

He disclosed, for instance that Osunbor, who had been arrested earlier, was his deputy, saying that Osunbor actually shot and wounded the former police boss of the state, Akagbosu Anini was shot in the leg, transferred to a military hospital, and had one of his legs amputated.

That was after Monday Osunbor was also
captured. When Anini’s hideout was searched, police recovered assorted
charms, including the one he usually wore around his waist during “operations”.

It was instructive that after Anini was captured and dispossessed of his
charms, the man who terrorized a whole state and who was supposed to be fearless suddenly became remorseful, making confessions. This was against public expectation of a daredevil hoodlum who would remain defiant to the very end.

Shortly after the arrest of Anini and his gang(excluding Alhaji zed zed or
Zegezege who was never captured, he may still be alive living a normal
life till date), the dare-devil robbers began to cry and confess, revealing
the roles played by key police officers and men, in the aiding and abetting of criminals in Bendel State and the entire country.

Anini particularly revealed that Iyamu, who was the most senior police officer shielding the robbers, would reveal police secrets to them and then, give them logistic supports such as arms, to carry out robbery operations.

He further revealed that Iyamu, after each operation, would join them in
sharing the loot. It was further exposed how Iyamu planned to kill Christopher Omeben, an Assistant Inspector-General of Police in charge of Intelligence and Investigation.

But Iyamu was later to be disappointed as the assailants dispatched to eliminate Omeben were only able to kill his driver, Otue, a sergeant. Iyamu, whom the robbers fondly referred to as ‘Baba’, reportedly had choice buildings in Benin City; being how he invested the loots he
obtained from men of the underworld


Due to amputation of his leg, Anini was confined to a wheelchair throughout his trial. Iyamu, on his part, denied ever knowing and collaborating with Anini, but Anini The Law furiously retorted, “You are a shameless liar!”
Anini had accused him before Justice James Omo-Agege in the High
Court of Justice, off Sapele Road in Benin City.

Of the 10 police officers Anini implicated, five were convicted. Therobbery suspects, including Iyamu, were sentenced to death.

But in passing his judgement, Justice Omo-Agege remarked, “Anini will
forever be remembered in the history of crime in this country, but it would be of un-blessed memory. Few people if ever, would give the name to their children.”

Their execution took place on March 29, 1987.

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